A New Drug May Be Able to Completely Reverse Diabetes

A New Drug May Be Able to Completely Reverse Diabetes

“In the global community, the number of people with diabetes has been on the rise since 1980,with 422 million people diagnosed by 2014. The U.S. alone has experienced a substantial rise in the incidence of diabetes, with the number of Americans diagnosed increasing from 5.5 million in 1980, to 22 million in 2014—a more than 300 percent increase in less than 40 years.

A team of researchers, led by Stephanie Stanford at the University of California, San Diego, is proposing a solution in the form of a single pill that aims to restore insulin sensitivity in diabetic patients. Type 2 diabetes develops when the body’s response to insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating sugar in our blood, weakens. A number of genetic and lifestyle factors will influence whether or not someone develops this type of diabetes in their lifetime…”



SpaceX CRS-10 Dragon Landing: View 2 | International Space Station

SpaceX CRS-10 Dragon Landing: View 2 | International Space Station
The SpaceX Dragon is the only commercial spacecraft currently flying that is capable of returning significant amounts of cargo to Earth from the International Space Station (ISS). Dragon landed a few hundred miles west of Baja California on March 19th. It has returned with approximately 3,600 pounds of space station cargo, ending its 10th operational cargo flight to the complex.

Learn more: www.spacex.com/dragon

Credit: SpaceX
Image Date: March 19, 2017

Elon Musk
NASA Johnson Space Center


8 Real World Enceladus Science Facts | NASA JPL

8 Real World Enceladus Science Facts | NASA JPL
Note: Click on the image and select the “More” option at the top of the screen and then choose “Download Photo” to better view this high-res infographic.

NASA’s Cassini spacecraft sampled the ocean of Saturn’s moon Enceladus, today Wednesday, Oct. 28, after it flew through the moon’s plume of icy spray.

Cassini launched in 1997 and entered orbit around Saturn in 2004. Since then, it has been studying the huge planet, its rings and its magnetic field. Here are some things to know about the mission’s close flyby of Enceladus:

— Enceladus is an icy moon of Saturn. Early in its mission, Cassini discovered Enceladus has remarkable geologic activity, including a towering plume of ice, water vapor and organic molecules spraying from its south polar region. Cassini later determined the moon has a global ocean and likely hydrothermal activity, meaning it could have the ingredients needed to support simple life.

— The flyby is Cassini’s deepest-ever dive through the Enceladus plume, which is thought to come from the ocean below. The spacecraft has flown closer to the surface of Enceladus before, but never this low directly through the active plume.

— The flyby is not intended to detect life, but it will provide powerful new insights about how habitable the ocean environment is within Enceladus.

— Cassini scientists are hopeful the flyby will provide insights about how much hydrothermal activity—that is, chemistry involving rock and hot water—is occurring within Enceladus. This activity could have important implications for the potential habitability of the ocean for simple forms of life. The critical measurement for these questions is the detection of molecular hydrogen by the spacecraft.

— Scientists also expect to better understand the chemistry of the plume as a result of the flyby. The low altitude of the encounter is, in part, intended to afford Cassini greater sensitivity to heavier, more massive molecules, including organics, than the spacecraft has observed during previous, higher-altitude passes through the plume.

— The flyby will help solve the mystery of whether the plume is composed of column-like, individual jets, or sinuous, icy curtain eruptions—or a combination of both. The answer would make clearer how material is getting to the surface from the ocean below.

— Researchers are not sure how much icy material the plumes are actually spraying into space. The amount of activity has major implications for how long Enceladus might have been active.

Credit: NASA/JPL

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory 
European Space Agency, ESA 
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